Your condo Reserve Fund makes up 30% to 50% of your maintenance fees.
Not enough attention is paid to the importance of condo reserve funds but given that they make up such a significant portion of maintenance fees, it’s crucial to appreciate its importance.
When a condo is purchased pre-construction, the often quoted amount for maintenance fees is usually drastically understated. Once the new board hires an engineering firm to undertake the reserve fund study, the maintenance fees are usually increased significantly.
Every 3 years, condo corporations are required to complete a new reserve fund study. If a condo building doesn’t complete a reserve study on a regular basis, unit owners will face issues selling their suites. During the sale process, a prospective buyer’s lawyer will request a copy of the status certificate (which includes the financials of the condo corporation & the reserve fund study). If the lawyer notices that the reserve fund study hasn’t been completed in a reasonable amount of time, they will raise a red flag to the buyer which will affect the sale of condos in that building. This will force condo corporations to maintain regular reserve fund studies if they want owners to be able to sell their suites.
If a condo corporation realizes they have a shortfall in their reserve fund – as long as they are a responsible board – they will impose a special assessment on each suite owner to make up the difference.
I’ve heard of special assessments as low as $3,000 per condo based on unit size, and up to $30,000 and more. This can be an incredible hardship on owners who have not budgeted for this kind of expense. In fact, the condo corporation has the ability to place a lien on the suite, forcing the owner upon the sale of their condo to pay the condo corporation.
Owners that vote for board members who promise not to increase maintenance fees are doing themselves a disservice. They are setting their condo corporation up for failure. Eventually, it could cause their building to require a special assessment some day in the future. It’s much better for owners to swallow that small pill each day as opposed to pushing the problem down the road for others to deal with years from now.
Remember the cautionary tale of the Surfside condo building in Miami which chose to ignore reports and ongoing repairs to the point where their building collapsed, and many lives were lost. It’s okay if your maintenance fees go up each year. An owner should be concerned if they do not go up.
As an owner, it’s important to pay attention to what the board of directors are doing, and if necessary, run for the board. It’s a thankless job but an extremely important one.